By Dr. Thomas H. Guderjan

ISBN-10: 0817354638

ISBN-13: 9780817354633

Archaeologists are not sure precisely whilst the Maya inhabited the coastal components of Belize, yet plentiful facts exists to help an in depth maritime alternate community alongside the coast via A.D. six hundred This quantity specializes in the maritime exchange community websites on Ambergris Caye, Belize the place excavations have printed remnants of very small villages, or camps, alongside the Caribbean coastline.

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This is unlike Chac Balam and San Juan where relatively large scale construction projects created the sites as we see them today. Unlike other windward side sites, Ek Luum includes monumental architecture as well as residences. Mound 1 is an! earthen mound approximately four meters in height overlooking the Laguna Cantena which was capped by a series of marl floors. Thousands of sherds of Coconut Walk pottery were recovered from this structure. These probably are the result of ritual activity at Mound 1.

J 31 at the small windward side sites often made tools of shell. These people probably made a living by fishing. Although they had few 'expensive' possessions, their lives were probably quite comfortable. It appears that the wealth ofthe sea was more than enough to satisfy their needs. Other larger communities dating to the Late Classic period are also found on the windward side of Ambergris Caye. Typically, these sites cover several hundred square meters and some of them, such as Mata Grande, Tres Cocos and Habaneros, benefited from long distance trade.

If, as we believe, these fields are Postclassic, then Basil 37 Jones represents a major shift in the island economy, away from trading and fishing to an agricultural base. This shift may have been forced upon the residents of Ambergris Caye to some degree. The late Eric Thompson put forth the idea that a Maya group, the Putlin from the Tabasco coast, began to seize control of Maya trade routes at the end of the Classic period. They may well have taken over existing trade routes and consolidated them into one great network.

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