By Richard Hogg

ISBN-10: 0748613293

ISBN-13: 9780748613298

An creation to previous English is an available evaluate of the 1st centuries within the background of the English language. It combines a wide selection of brief texts with a coherent and updated overview of the varieties of language which stay because the beginning of English this day, providing a special research of outdated English in context. it's designed for college kids strange with the earliest levels of the English language and gives a foundation for extra research of the historical past of the language to the current day. all of the uncomplicated components of previous English are coated, together with nouns, adjectives, verbs, syntax, note order and vocabulary. at any place attainable comparisons are drawn among outdated English and the present-day language, but additionally with different comparable languages comparable to Dutch, German and French. There also are chapters introducing readers to either outdated English poetry and dialect version in addition to a bankruptcy what occurred to the language after the Norman Conquest.* up to date account of the linguistics of the previous English interval with specific tension on syntax and vocabulary * Integrates debts of the language with chosen texts graded to enhance accessibility for the newbie * powerful emphasis at the relation among outdated English and present-day English including correct beneficial properties in comparable languages * comprises routines, a thesaurus of key phrases and an outdated English glossary

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Additional info for An Introduction to Old English (Edinburgh Textbooks on the English Language)

Sample text

Dat. Masculine he¯ hine his him Neuter hit hit hit him Feminine he¯o hı¯ hire hire Plural hı¯ hı¯ hira him There are several points to note here. Perhaps the first of these concerns the plural forms, which all have an initial . You must be careful to distinguish these forms from the present-day English ones which all start with

. The two are quite different. The ones we have today are due to influence from Scandinavian which begins after the Old English period and only appears throughout the country towards the very end of the Middle English period.

The change works rather differently in the two paradigms, but nevertheless the principles are the same, and since there are clear instances of the consequences for both in the present-day language, it is worth spending a little time on the issue. The change reflects a sound change which occurred at an early time in the Old English period thus prior to the appearance of any of our major texts; it is also found in other Germanic languages such as 02 pages 001-166 29/1/03 16:09 Page 47 47 VERB FORMS German.

The paradigm can be exemplified by Engle ‘the English’: Nom. Acc. Gen. Dat. e ‘Mercians’, Seaxe ‘Saxons’, as well as the collectives le¯ode ‘people’, ylde ‘men’ and ylfe ‘elves’. na, Seaxna. Early in the period there were rather more nouns in this declension; note particularly that the declension originally contained words with a full singular and plural paradigm. Perhaps the most frequent of these ‘ordinary’ words was wine ‘friend’ with plural wine. But these words adopt the paradigm of the general masculines, so that we find plurals such as winas ‘friends’.

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An Introduction to Old English (Edinburgh Textbooks on the English Language) by Richard Hogg

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