By Jonathan Owens

ISBN-10: 0199563306

ISBN-13: 9780199563302

A Linguistic historical past of Arabic provides a reconstruction of proto-Arabic by means of the tools of historical-comparative linguistics. It demanding situations the conventional conceptualization of an previous, Classical language evolving into the modern Neo-Arabic dialects. Professor Owens combines proven comparative linguistic technique with a cautious studying of the classical Arabic assets, corresponding to the grammatical and exegetical traditions. He arrives at a richer and extra complicated photo of early Arabic language background than is present at the present time and in doing so establishes the foundation for a entire, linguistically-based figuring out of the background of Arabic. The arguments are set out in a concise, case by means of case foundation, making it available to scholars and students of Arabic and Islamic tradition, in addition to to these learning Arabic and old linguists.

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Formalism [J. -O. Östman, and J. ), Handbook of Pragmatics. Manual, Amsterdam – Philadelphia, John Benjamins, 1995, pp. 293–300, here p. ) 56 For that reason, Nuyts regards cognitive linguistics as a “functionally oriented approach”, see Nuyts, J. Cognitive Linguistics and Functional Linguistics, in D. Geeraerts and H. ), The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics, Oxford – New York, Oxford University Press, 2007, pp. 543–565, here p. , Aspects of a CognitivePragmatic Theory of Language. On Cognition, Functionalism and Grammar (Pragmatics and Beyond.

Suffice it for now to recall the basic methodological assumption of functional linguistics, viz. that grammatical structure cannot be adequately understood independently of its function or use in communication, and, conversely—and importantly for our present purposes—that communication (discourse or texts) can be comprehended by attending to the grammatical features of that communication. 2. Cognitive Linguistics In contrast to the functionalist strand in linguistics, cognitive linguistics is more of a unified account of language.

75. methodological issues 27 b. Givón’s Functionalism In contrast to Dik’s approach, Givón’s functionalism has a strong discursive backbone, without, however, disregarding clause-level phenomena. In the following, I will focus on his discourse-oriented work, since it is precisely his interest in macro-level linguistic features that most clearly distinguishes his approach from that of other functionalists. e. that one can say something about something else. In Dikian functional terms: only in a clause can a speaker identify a Topic, with which he supposes the addressee to be familiar, and make a predication about this topic, which will aim at the modification of the addressee’s information.

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