By Benjamin Keen, Keith Haynes
This best-selling textual content for introductory Latin American heritage classes, A heritage of Latin the US, encompasses political and diplomatic conception, category constitution and financial association, tradition and faith, and the surroundings. The integrating framework is the dependency concept, the preferred interpretation of Latin American historical past, which stresses the industrial courting of Latin American countries to wealthier international locations, quite the United States.Spanning pre-historic occasions to the current, A historical past of Latin the United States makes use of either a chronological and a nation-by-nation process, and comprises the latest historic research and the main up to date examine. this is often the main streamlined and cohesive variation but, with enormous additions to pedagogy and bankruptcy content material. extended assurance of social and cultural heritage comprises ladies, indigenous cultures, and Afro-Latino peoples.
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Extra resources for A History of Latin America, Volume 1: Ancient America to 1910
Inhabiting a region that consisted of portions of modernday southeastern Mexico, almost all of Guatemala, the western part of Honduras, all of Belize, and the western half of El Salvador, the Maya civilization attained its highest development in the tropical forest lowland area whose core is the Petén region of Guatemala, at the base of the Yucatán Peninsula. 2 The region was rich in wild game and building materials (limestone and ﬁne hardwoods). In almost every other respect, it offered immense obstacles to the establishment of a high culture.
One was a sacred round of 260 days that corresponded to the pattern of ceremonial life. This calendar was composed of two intermeshing and recurrent cycles of different length: one of thirteen days, recorded as numbers, and the second of twenty days, recorded as names. The name of the fourteenth day-name began with one again. A second cycle was the solar year of 365 days, divided into eighteen “months” of twenty days each, plus a ﬁnal period of ﬁve unlucky days during which all unnecessary activity was banned.
In the absence of large, domesticated animals as a source of manure, “night soil” (human waste) was regularly used as fertilizer in chinampa agriculture in the Valley of Mexico. To prevent contamination of the valley’s two freshwater lakes by ﬂows of water from the saline ones that were harmful to chinampa agriculture and to maintain the fairly constant water level that it required, an elaborate system of dikes, canals, and aqueducts began to be constructed during the reign of King Itzcoatl. This led to the creation of large chinampa areas that produced foodstuffs for Tenochtitlán.
A History of Latin America, Volume 1: Ancient America to 1910 by Benjamin Keen, Keith Haynes