By J. R. Partington

ISBN-10: 0801859549

ISBN-13: 9780801859540

For almost six hundred years, from the battles of the early fourteenth century to the losing of the atomic bomb at Hiroshima, firearms derived from gunpowder and different chemical compounds outlined the frightful quantity of struggle. The gear and fabrics utilized in global struggle i might were regular to our distant ancestors. during this vintage paintings, first released in 1960, James Riddick Partington presents a global survey of the evolution of incendiary units, Greek fireplace, and gunpowder.Greek hearth, a composition Partington believes was once made up of a distilled petroleum fraction and different materials (but no longer saltpetre), was once such a lot famously utilized in the sieges of Constantinople and the Crusades. Partington strikes from its antecedents—other incendiaries utilized in historic warfare—to ecu gunpowder recipe books ( The Latin e-book of fireplace, Bellifortis, and Feuerwerkbuch) and the historical past of infernal machines, mines, canon, small palms, and artillery. His booklet comprises chapters on gunpowder and guns in Muslim lands, India, and China—including fireplace books, using gunpowder as a propellant, the artillery of the Mughal Emperors, and using saltpetre in explosives. He strains the improvement of gunpowder to eleventh-century China and cites the 1st recognized point out and imagine of a firearm in 1326. "The heritage of gunpowder and firearms has attracted many authors with various pursuits. the overall historian needs to take account of significant innovations effecting revolutions within the lifetime of international locations. The historian of technology is anxious in most cases with the discovery of gunpowder. The historian of know-how examines the advance within the manufacture of explosives and guns, and how within which gunpowder has came across functions within the peaceable arts. the army historian bargains generally with using gunpowder as an explosive and a propellant... and the improvement of firearms and their use in conflict. No contemporary ebook in English (or for that topic in any language) has tried a concise survey of the subject."—from the Preface

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Extra info for A History of Greek Fire and Gunpowder

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The d'Aj opvKTos has been supposed by many authors®® to be saltpetre. e. dXs opvKTos, from salt crystallised by the heat of the sun {dXes avTofiaroi) from the water at the mouth of the river Borysthenes, and there is little doubt that the true meaning is rock-salt, which Dioskourides®" said is the more active salt (rtov Se dXwv ivepyearepov fxev eari TO opvKrov). , literally "dust," had many meanings; quicklime, an alkaUne lye filtered through wood-ashes and quicklime (causticised lye), and incense {araKTrj) which had "distilled" from resinous trees®^; it may thus be taken as equivalent to the fj-dwa of the older recipes.

XXXIV LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS Sitzungsber. -Med. Soc. Erlangen. Sitzungsberichten der physikalischmedizinischen Societat in Erlangen. Sussex Archaeol. Collect. Sussex Archaeological Collections, Lewes. Theophrastos (a) Caus. plant. De Causis Plantarum. (jb) Hist, plant. Historia Plantarum. (c) Odor. De Odoribus. Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia. Trans. Korea Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. Transactions of the Korea Branch, ( Royal Asiatic Society. Trans.

Strayer. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. Roland, Alex. 1992. Secrecy, technology, and war: Greek fire and the defense of Byzantium, 678-1204. Technology and Culture S3: 655-79. Sarton, George. 1927-47. Introduction to the History of Science. 3 vols. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins. List of Abbreviations Abhl. K. Ges. -hisL Kl. * Abhl. K. Preuss. Akad. -hist. Kl. Abhandlungen der Koniglichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-historische Klasse, Berlin. Ann. Chim. Annales de Ghimie, Paris.

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