By Alice R. Gaby
This grammar deals a finished description of Kuuk Thaayorre, a Paman language spoken at the west coast of Cape York Peninsula, Australia. The Paman languages of Cape York have lengthy been well-known for his or her exhibition of substantial phonological, semantic and morphosyntactic swap (e.g. Hale 1964, Dixon 1980). but there has previously been no released complete reference grammar of a language from this zone (some first-class dictionaries, theses and comic strip grammars even though, e.g. corridor 1972, Alpher 1973, 1991, Crowley 1983, Kilham et al. 1986, Sutton 1995, Smith & Johnson 2000).
On the foundation of elicited information, narrative and semi-spontaneous dialog recorded among 2002 and 2008, in addition to archival fabrics, this grammar information the phonetics and phonology, morphosyntax, lexical and constructional semantics and pragmatics of 1 of the few indigenous Australian languages nonetheless used as a first-rate technique of verbal exchange. Kuuk Thaayorre possesses good points of typological curiosity at every one of those levels.
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This grammar bargains a complete description of Kuuk Thaayorre, a Paman language spoken at the west coast of Cape York Peninsula, Australia. The Paman languages of Cape York have lengthy been famous for his or her exhibition of substantial phonological, semantic and morphosyntactic switch (e. g. Hale 1964, Dixon 1980).
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Extra resources for A grammar of Kuuk Thaayorre
Kuuk Thaayorre possesses myriad polyfunctional, homophonous and polysemous forms. g. 2, cf. Gaby to appear-a]). The fact that Kuuk Thaayorre is one of the few traditional Australian indigenous languages still being learned by children and used in daily interactions allows us a rare opportunity to explore such pragmatic concerns alongside the grammatical structures through which they are expressed. 1 Theoretical background Constant revision, redevelopment and replacement are the nature of most theories.
2 Vowels Kuuk Thaayorre makes a phonemic distinction between ten vowels; five vowel qualities (/i/, /u/, /e/, /o/, and /a/), each of which have two phonemic lengths. Front and central vowels (/i/, /e/ and /a/) are unrounded while the back vowels (/u/ and /o/) are rounded. front high mid low central back i(:) u(:) e(:) o(:) a(:) Table 3. Inventory of Thaayorre vowel phonemes. This ten-vowel system is rich by Australian standards; Dixon (2002:643) lists only twelve Australian languages (including Kuuk Thaayorre) that distinguish more than three vowels as well as a phonemic length contrast.
PFV’ (20) ŋuɲan ‘sea’ t̪ucan ‘scrub:DAT’ (21) ŋul ‘then’ kul ‘lap’ As in the oral stop series, the contrast between apical and laminal front-coronal nasals is neutralised word-initially. PFV 26 My thanks to Barry Alpher for confirming this contrast, and supplying audio files to support it. 38 Phonology That neither rhotic is an allophone of the apical plosive or lateral is demonstrated by the following set of minimal contrasts: (29) wa:ɻin ‘chase’ wa:r ‘bad’ wa:t ‘incorrectly’ wa:l ‘silly’ Finally, it was mentioned above that the glottal stop is elided by many speakers, often producing a long vowel (as in the case of /waʔap/ -> /wa:p/ ‘river’).
A grammar of Kuuk Thaayorre by Alice R. Gaby
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