By Christopher Lord
A Democratic Audit of the eu Union presents a scientific review of democracy within the ecu opposed to essentially outlined standards. Christopher Lord deals a double problem to generalizations a couple of democratic deficit within the ecu. at the one hand, it exhibits that criteria of democratic functionality within the ecu might differ throughout Union associations and decision-making approaches. nevertheless, it indicates that they could differ throughout key dimensions of democratic governance, together with citizenship, rights, participation, illustration, responsiveness, transparency and responsibility.
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Additional info for A Democratic Audit of the European Union (One Europe or Several?)
EP should elect President of the Commission h ld l B. Acceptance of joint decision-making 3. Number of issue areas (max 27) where majority accept joint decision-making A. Feelings of identity 1. Index of Feeling of Europeanness (0–1)1 2.
The Laeken declaration asked the Convention on the Future of Europe to consider whether the President of the Commission should be appointed by the European Council or elected either by the EP or by citizens (Council of the European Union, 2001b). Amongst proposals for more direct forms of democracy are Heidrun Abromeit’s (1998) suggestion that groups of citizens should be able to petition for referendums to contest EU decisions, and that of Weiler (1997a) and others for a ‘legislative ballot’ that would allow a certain number of questions (to be decided, once again, by the petitioning of citizens) to be put to pan-EU referendum at the same time as elections to the EP.
Even non-decisions are anything 20 A Democratic Audit of the European Union but neutral in their implications (Lukes, 1974). Whilst, however much political systems are inescapably forced to choose between values, democracy can at least be used to control those who make such choices, so they are not merely arbitrary (Pettit, 1997). Difficulties in making the EU democratic As seen, any selection of tests for auditing democracy in the EU needs to reflect what is difficult, and not just what is desirable, in applying it as a system of rule to the EU.
A Democratic Audit of the European Union (One Europe or Several?) by Christopher Lord
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